Following the Nafs

The Sixth Problem that will Arise by Referring Directly to the Qur’an and Hadith



This entry is part 19 of 19 in the series Taqleed

The sixth problem is that a person who does not strictly adhere to one mazhab and instead randomly chooses the verdict of those Imaams whom he deems correct, at times opposes all mazhabs. Hence, his ibaadat is rendered null and void according to all the Imaams.

Consider the situation where a person wishes to follow the mazhab of Imaam Ahmed (Rahmatullahi Alayh) in regard to the mas’ala of raf’ul yadain during salaah (raising the hands at the time when going into ruku’ as well as coming up from ruku’) and he decides to follow the mazhab of Imaam Maalik (Rahmatullahi Alayh) regarding the mas’ala of irsaal (not tying the hands in the standing posture, instead leaving it loose on the sides when reciting Surah Fatiha and a Surah).


Thereafter in the mas’ala of Qiraat khalfal Imaam he opts to follow the mazhab of Imaam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullahi Alayh) i.e. those behind the Imaam are not allowed to recite anything, neither Surah Faatiha nor aSurah, and in the mas’ala of Qunoot of Fajar he chooses to follow Imaam Shafi’ee(Rahmatullahi Alayh) i.e. it is necessary that Qunoot be read after coming up from ruku’in the second rakaat of Fajar. This person thereafter comes to know that according to the Salafees (though not according to the four Imaams of Fiqh) wudhu is valid by merely making masah over nylon or cotton socks and he then performs Salaah with such a wudhu.


What will we say regarding the Salaah of such a person. According to no mazhab neither the Salafees nor the four mazhabs will the Salaah of such a person be valid. His Salaah will be invalid according to the four Imaams on account of his wudhu being invalid, and his Salaah will be invalid according to the Salafees on account of him not reciting Surah Fatiha behind the Imaam which is necessary according to them.

Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Rahmatullahi Alayh) writes: “… When the condition prevalent amongst most people is that they follow that which appeals to their personal reasoning then if they are not going to be restricted to any mazhab, their actions will definitely be based on self-interest. The outcome will then be like the person who bled after having performed wudhu.


According to the Hanafi mazhab, his wudhu is nullified, and according to the Shafi`ee mazhab, his wudhu remains intact. Therefore, he decides to follow the mazhab of Imaam Shafi`ee (Rahmatullahi Alayh) in this mas’ala. Thereafter he touches his wife, and since touching one’s wife nullifies one’s wudhu according to the Shafi`ee mazhab contrary to the view of the Hanafi mazhab, he opts to follow themazhab of Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alayh) in this mas’ala. The result of this is that none of the mazhabs regard his wudhu as valid, neither Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alayh) nor Imaam Shafi`ee (Rahmatullahi Alayh).


If he performs Salaah, his Salaah will be invalid according to both mazhabs (according to Imaam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alayh) due to blood flowing from his body and according to Imaam Shafi`ee (Rahmatullahi Alayh) due to him touching his wife). Hence, the one who adopts an attitude of following his desires in all matters of Deen remains a worshipper of his nafs (personal interests) and there will be no Deen left in his life.


Thus such a concoction and mixture of the various mazaahib is impermissible according to all the ImaamsContinue reading ?


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