Reciting Qur’an on the phone

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Q: I have recently downloaded the Quraan app on my iPhone (touchscreen). Am I permitted to read and touch the Quraan without wudhu? Also, would it be less beneficial to recite the Quraan in this electronic format rather than in book form?

A: It is permissible to recite the Qur’an on the phone, however you should refrain from placing your finger on that part of the screen where the Qur’anic verses appear.

Though it is permissible to recite the Qur’an on the phone, however we strongly discourage the downloading of the Qur’an on the mobile phone and reciting from it. Through reciting the Qur’an in this manner, the honour and sanctity of the Qur’an will no longer be maintained. Especially in these times where pictures of animate objects are taken and stored on the mobile phone and many sins perpetrated through it. Hence, in order to uphold the rights of the Qur’an and show it the respect and honour it deserves, we strongly encourage that one recite the Qur’an in the original way through looking into the Qur’an and reciting it in the state of wudhu.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّـهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ ﴿الحج: ٣٢﴾

( و ) يحرم ( به ) أي بالأكبر ( وبالأصغر ) مس مصحف أي ما فيه آية كدرهم وجدار
قال الشامي : قوله ( مس مصحف ) المصحف بتثليث الميم والضم فيه أشهر سمي به لأنه أصحف أي جمع فيه الصحائف حلية قوله ( أي ما فيه آية الخ ) أي المراد مطلق ما كتب فيه قرآن مجازا من إطلاق اسم الكل على الجزء أو من باب الإطلاق والتقييد قال ح لكن لا يحرم في غير المصحف إلا بالمكتوب أي موضع الكتابة كذا في باب الحيض من البحر وقيد بالآية لأنه لو كتب ما دونها لا يكره مسه كما في حيض القهستاني (رد المحتار 1/ 173)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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The Pearl Necklace

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Qaadhi Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdil Baaqi bin Muhammed Al-Bazzaaz Al-Ansaari (rahimahullah) (d. 535 A.H.) gives the following account of his life:

I was a student in Makkah Mukarramah. One day, I was hungry and could not find anything to stave off my hunger. On my way home, I found a small velvet pouch neatly tied with a tassel of silk. I picked it up and returned home with it. Upon opening it, I found a beautiful pearl necklace, the like of which I had never seen before.

I later went out and saw an old man with five hundred dinaars in a cloth, crying out loudly, “This is the reward for the one who returns to me a pouch containing a pearl necklace!” I thought to myself, “I am in need and extremely hungry. I can benefit from this reward by returning the purse to the old man.” I thus approached him and said, “Come with me” after which I led him to my home. On arriving at my home, he gave me the complete description of the pouch and tassel, the pearls, the number of beads in the necklace and the cord with which they were strung. Having ascertained that the pearl necklace belonged to him, I took out the pouch and handed it to him, to which he promptly presented me with the reward of five hundred dinars.

Seeing the reward, however, I refused to accept it saying, “It was a necessary duty for me to return the pouch to you without any reward.” The man continued to insist that I take the reward but as much as he insisted, I continued to refuse.

After some time, I left Makkah Mukarramah and travelled by sea. The ship carrying us was wrecked and all the passengers drowned. I managed to hold onto a piece of floating wreckage and thus continued to float in the ocean, not knowing where I was destined to reach. Eventually, I drifted to an island which was inhabited by Muslims. I went to one of their musjids and began to recite the Quraan Majeed. When the people of the island heard me recite, every single one of them came to me and requested that I teach them to recite the Quraan Majeed correctly. I thus commenced teaching them and was well remunerated for my services.

One day, I noticed a few pages of a Quraan Majeed in the musjid and picked them up in order to recite. When the people saw me, they asked if I could write. I replied in the affirmative to which they requested that I teach them. Soon many of them brought their children along so that I could teach them as well. This occupation made me completely independent.

After some time, they requested that I marry a wealthy orphan girl from among them. I refused but eventually, on their insistence, I agreed to marry the girl. After the nikaah was performed, the girl was brought to me. On seeing her, I began to stare at her necklace as it was the very same necklace that I had found many years ago! The people said to me, “O Shaikh! You will break the heart of this girl by staring at her necklace instead of looking at her!”

I therefore narrated the incident of the necklace to them and they all began to spontaneously shout, “Allahu Akbar! Alhamdulillah!” I asked them what the matter was to which they replied, “The man who had taken the necklace from you was the father of this girl and used to say regarding you, ‘I never met a more truthful Muslim. May Allah Ta‘ala bring him to us so that I may marry him to my daughter.’ This du‘aa of his has now been fulfilled.”

I lived with my wife and was blessed with two sons from her. She finally passed away and I, together with my two sons, inherited her necklace. Later, my two sons also passed away and I became the sole owner of the necklace. I eventually sold it for one hundred thousand dinars. (Az-Zail ‘Alaa Tabaqaatil Hanaabilah, vol. 1 pg. 443)


1. Although Qaadhi Abu Bakr (rahimahullah) was starving and in dire straits, he refused to take the reward offered by the man as he wished his action to be solely for the pleasure of Allah Ta‘ala, not for the sake of acquiring a monetary reward. Similarly, before carrying out any good deed, we should examine our intention and ensure that our objective is solely that of pleasing Allah Ta‘ala.

2. A person can only acquire that which Allah Ta‘ala has decreed for him – not more and not less. Furthermore, when Allah Ta‘ala decrees that a person receive something, he will most definitely receive it at some point or another. Hence, Qaadhi Abu Bakr (rahimahullah) was destined to become the owner of the necklace and thus although he returned it to the man in Makkah Mukarramah, Allah Ta‘ala made it come to him many years later, not only with honour and respect but also with such immense barakah that he sold it for one hundred thousand dinars. We should thus completely abstain from resorting to haraam in earning a livelihood as we will still earn the exact same amount that Allah Ta‘ala has decreed. However, in the case of haraam, we will also be earning the anger and punishment of Allah Ta‘ala. If we are patient and adhere to halaal, we will earn the same amount but with the pleasure of Allah Ta‘ala and barakah.

3. The du‘aa of the parent for the child gains acceptance very swiftly. However, although accepted, the du‘aa does not always materialize immediately. In this regard, we should continue to make du‘aa and should never feel as if our du‘aas are rejected.  

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Distribution of Inheritance (Part Two)

On the same topic, Hazrat Qari Siddeeq Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) mentioned that some people, on the passing away of a relative, donate their musalla, lota (jug), chair and other things to the madaaris which they consider to be a very rewarding deed, whereas this is totally impermissible. All the heirs now have a right to this wealth. After the burial arrangements have been completed, fulfilling his debts and carrying out that which he had bequeathed from a third of his wealth are the first things that need to be attended to. Thereafter, his wealth should be distributed immediately. Whoever has a right, should be given his due. Without first distributing this wealth, it is not permissible to make esaal-e-thawaab with the wealth and neither is it correct to donate part of it to a musjid or madrasah. Whoever wants to do so, should utilize his own wealth. It should not be done from the inheritance which is jointly owned.

With regard to this, Hazrat Qari Siddeeq Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) mentioned a personal incident, “Once a person brought a large sum of money for the madrasah. I explained the mas-alah to him and returned the money saying that I cannot accept it as it belongs to the heirs. He pleaded to me to keep the money saying that it is a large sum. I returned it to him and replied that a madrasah is not a place to gather wealth, rather a madrasah is a place to earn the pleasure of Allah Ta‘ala. The madrasah is a place to show people the masaail of deen and to show them the straight path.”

“It was always my habit to return such wealth. Some people became upset, but I was unperturbed by their anger. Allah Ta‘ala is sufficient to run the madrasah. The madrasah is a place to earn the pleasure of Allah Ta‘ala, not the fire of Jahannam.”

“Allah Ta‘ala has sounded a severe warning for those people who usurp the wealth of orphans and other heirs for themselves. These people are those whose bellies are being burnt by the fire of Jahannam.” (Hayaat-e-Siddeeq, pg. 241)

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Distribution of Inheritance (Part One)

A few days after the demise of the wife of Hazrat Qari Siddeeq Ahmad Baandwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih), he mentioned to some of the household members, “Being the elder of the family, I have an added responsibility. I wish that all the family members gather so that I may divide the shares of her estate between the heirs. It is not permissible to use whatever she has left behind until all the shares are divided. Once this is completed, I will be free of the responsibility.”

Once whilst teaching the Jalaalain (book of tafseer) lesson, Hazrat Qari Siddeeq Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) mentioned under the aayah of inheritance that, “There is much carelessness in the wealth of inheritance. People regard it as booty. Whoever gets hold of whatever wealth, he automatically assumes that he is the owner, whereas all the heirs have a right in the wealth that is left behind. No one has any right to use it.”

There is an incident recorded of a buzurg who went to visit a sick friend. When he reached the house, he saw that his condition was critical and he was about to breathe his last. A lamp was burning next to him. The buzurg entered and sat down close to the sick friend. Shortly thereafter, the man passed away. When this happened, the buzurg extinguished the lamp. People asked him his reason for doing this. He replied that as long as he was alive, this lamp was in his ownership hence to use it was permissible. After he passed away, the heirs have now become the owners. It is not permissible to use this lamp without their permission. Such was the caution that this buzurg exercised. Hazrat Moulana Ashraf ‘Ali Thaanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih), Mufti Shafee’ Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) and others have recorded this incident. (Hayaat-e-Siddeeq, pg. 238)

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Ensure correct distribution of wealth

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Nasihah (Advice):

Sayyidatuna Khawla Radhiyallahu Anha says that I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam saying: “Verily, some people spend Allah’s Wealth (i.e. Muslim’s wealth) in an unjust manner; such people’s punishment will be the Fire on the Day of Resurrection.” (Bukhari)


*Question and Answer*

Q. It is compulsory for employees to invest a portion of their salaries in a Pension Fund. After retirement, employees have access to one third of the entire fund. Thereafter, the two thirds of the fund will be paid to employees on a monthly basis. If an employee passes away, the remainder of the two thirds of the fund will be given to the beneficiaries of the fund. What portion of the fund forms part of one’s estate and what portion of it is Zakaatable?

A. In the enquired situation, Zakaat will be due on the one third 1/3 of the funds accessible after retirement as well as the monthly pay out received from the fund. Zakaat will be calculated from the time these funds become available and not before that.

There is no Zakaat on the two thirds 2/3 of the fund retained after retirement as the investment was not by choice and neither is access available to any portion of it.

In the case of demise after retirement, the remainder two thirds 2/3 of the funds will belong to the beneficiaries of the fund. The two thirds 2/3 of the funds will not form part of the deceased estate but will belong to the beneficiaries stipulated by the deceased.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

Confirmation: Mufti Ebrahim Desai

(Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh)

Fatwa Department

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)


Twitter: @JamiatKZN

Whatsapp: +27 82 831 5085

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​Inspirational Advice Securing the Assistance of Allah Ta‘ala 

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The Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) were supported with tremendous divine assistance from the side of Allah Ta‘ala. Hence there were many occasions wherein they encountered the enemy and very swiftly made them flee after just a few moments.

On one occasion, the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) defeated a Roman army in battle. When the defeated Roman army returned to Hercules (the Roman leader who was in Antioch), he exclaimed, “Woe to you! Inform me of these people whom you encountered in battle. Are they not humans, the same as you?” The soldiers submitted, “Certainly, they are.” Hercules then asked, “Were you greater in number or did they outnumber you?” “No! We vastly outnumbered them at every instance!” admitted the soldiers. Hercules finally asked, “Then what is the matter with you? Why is it that you always suffer defeat when you encounter them?”

On hearing this question, one of their leaders, who was advanced in age, replied, “The one reason is that they perform salaah the entire night and fast during the day, they fulfill their promises, enjoin righteousness, forbid from evil and they exercise justice with one another. The other reason is that we, on the other hand, drink wine, fornicate, perpetrate all forms of forbidden actions, break our promises, wrongfully snatch the wealth of people, oppress others, enjoin that which draws the wrath of Allah Ta‘ala and prohibit that which draws His pleasure, and we spread corruption and mischief in the earth.”

When Hercules heard this answer, he acknowledged that it was correct and said, “What you have told me is the truth.” (Al-Bidaayah wan Nihaayah vol. 7 pg. 157)


1. Every single system, means and power in the world is under the control of Allah Ta‘ala. If a person has the divine assistance and support of Allah Ta‘ala, he will fear no enemy and every enemy will fear him. Such a person will receive success in every walk of life as he perpetually carries with him the assistance of Allah Ta‘ala. On the contrary, when a person commits sins and distances himself from the mercy and help of Allah Ta‘ala, then the effect of being deprived of Allah Ta‘ala’s divine assistance is immediately seen as this person becomes fearful and cowardly and is easily overawed by a display of power and means.

2. Marching, protesting, signing petitions and other similar strategies are mere means which are ineffective when compared to the power of one linking himself to that Being whose power is infinite and encompasses all the means and strategies of the world.

3. Any adverse conditions which we undergo such as crime, natural and man-made disasters, etc., are all a result of us committing such sins that draw the wrath and anger of Allah Ta‘ala. Instead of treating the symptoms, let us treat the root cause and repent to Allah Ta‘ala for all our sins and firmly resolve to bring about a change in our lives.

4. While the apparent means within the limits of sharee‘ah will be adopted, these means will be of no avail and will not bring the desired outcome if they are not accompanied by the real means – the spirituality and obedience which draw down divine assistance. Therefore, the latter is of greater importance and should be given prior attention.

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Spending on one’s family on ‘Ashura day

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Darul Hadith WhatsApp Broadcasts

Rasulullah ﷺ is *authentically* reported to have said:
*’Whoever expands his spending on his family on the day of ‘Ashura, Allah ﷻ‬‎ will inflate his sustenance for the rest of that year.’*

_(Shu’abul Iman & Al-Istidhkar)_

⚖ *Tried & Tested* ⚖

Several narrators of this Hadith have echoed the following testimony:

*’We have tried this, & have found it to be accurate.’*

(Al-Istidhkar, 10/140)

In fact, one narrator of this Hadith, a great Muhaddith and Faqih, Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah (rahimahullah) said:

*’I have been doing this for fifty to sixty years and have always seen its benefit.’*

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.113)

🗂 *Source and Authenticity* 👌🏼

This Hadith has been reported by several Sahabah (radiyallahu ’anhum), among them are the following:

1⃣ Sayyiduna Jabir

2⃣ Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah

3⃣ Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudry

4⃣ Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud

5⃣ Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar

6⃣ This has also been reported with a good chain as the statement of Sayyiduna ‘Umar.

(radiyallahu ’anhum)

*Authentic* 💯

_There are several legitimate practices in Islam that have been *wrongfully deemed* as innovations!_

_In an era of religious melt-down, we cannot afford such incorrect assertions._‼

One such deed is: *Spending on one’s family on the day of ‘Ashura (The 10th of Muharram)* 🎯

There are approximately *ten* Hadith Masters that have declared this Hadith as *reliable.*

📚 ‘Allamah Al-‘Iraqi (rahimahullah) has authored a detailed treatise on this Hadith in which he has *proven its acceptability beyond a shadow of doubt.*

🔎 *See here for full details:*

Additional Spending on ‘Aashura Day

📌 *Notes*

• This is not restricted to food only.

• One can spend in any form that is deemed most appropriate.

(Al-Hadiyyatul ‘Alaiyyah, pg.311)

• Lastly, this Hadith provides an ideal solution during these times of global financial constraint. *Try it & see the difference insha Allah!* ✅


🎙*_Revive this by practicing & sharing._*📢


*Darul Hadith Research Centre*,

_Blending traditional research with contemporary issues._

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​Fasting only on the 10th of Muharram

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Q: Can one only fast on the tenth of Muharram without fasting a day before or a day after?

A: It is against the Sunnah and makrooh for one to fast on only the tenth of Muharram. The Sunnah is that one fasts on the ninth and tenth or the tenth and eleventh of Muharram.

( ونفل كغيرهما ) يعم السنة كصوم عاشوراء مع التاسع

قال الشامي في رد المحتار : قوله ( يعم السنة ) قدمنا في بحث سنن الوضوء تحقيق الفرق بين السنة والمندوب وأن السنة ما واظب عليها النبي أو خلفاؤه من بعده وهي قسمان سنة الهدى وتركها يوجب الإساءة والكراهة كالجماعة والأذان وسنة الزوائد كسير النبي في لباسه وقيامه وقعوده ولا يوجب تركها كراهة والظاهر أن صوم عاشوراء من القسم الثاني بل سماه في الخانية مستحبا فقال ويستحب أن يصوم يوم عاشوراء بصوم يوم قبله أو يوم بعده ليكون مخالفا لأهل الكتاب ونحوه في البدائع بل مقتضى ما ورد من أن صومه كفارة للسنة الماضية وصوم عرفة كفارة للماضية والمستقبلة كون صوم عرفة آكد منه وإلا لزم كون المستحب أفضل من السنة وهو خلاف الأصل تأمل (رد المحتار 2/374)

و كره بعضهم صوم يوم عاشوراء و حده لمكان التشبه باليهود و لم يكرهه عامتهم لأنه من الأيام الفاضلة (بدائع الصنائع 2/79، دار الكتاب العربي)

Answered by: Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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​Free Time Thermometer

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Generally what one does in one’s free time is that which one truly loves. Whatever one loves has a special place deep down in one’s heart. What is in one’s heart surfaces at the time of death. Whenever one has free time, does one’s mind immediately go towards playing some sport, reading a novel, surfing the internet or going shopping? Or does ones mind go towards reciting the Quraan Majeed, making zikr, du‘aa, etc.?

Our free time gives us the indication of what is in our hearts. Our hearts will speak at the time of our death. The next time we are blessed with some free time and we wish to engage in any action, we should ask ourselves, “Would I like to die doing such an action?”

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Sunnats and Aadaab of Clothing – Part 15

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1. When one intends wearing any new clothing, then it is preferable that he wears it for the first time on a Friday.

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال كان رسول الله إذا استجد ثوبا لبسه يوم الجمعة (شرح السنة للبغوي، باب ما يقول إذا لبس جديدا) [1]

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) intended to wear any new clothing, he would commence wearing it on the day of Jumuah. 

2. When undressing, one should avoid becoming completely naked even if one is alone. Rather, one should keep on the upper garment and remove the lower garment. Thereafter one should wear the new lower garment and thereafter remove the upper garment.

عن بهز بن حكيم عن أبيه عن جده قال قلت يا رسول الله عوراتنا ما نأتى منها وما نذر قال: احفظ عورتك إلا من زوجتك أو ما ملكت يمينك. قال قلت يا رسول الله إذا كان القوم بعضهم فى بعض قال: إن استطعت أن لا يرينها أحد فلا يرينها. قال قلت يا رسول الله إذا كان أحدنا خاليا قال: الله أحق أن يستحيا منه من الناس.(ابو داود رقم 4019)

O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): “With regards to our private parts, what are the laws regarding our exposing or concealing them?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Safeguard your private parts and do not expose them except before your wife or your slave women.” I then asked: O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the law in the case where many people are living together?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Ensure that you do not expose your private parts before anyone.” I then asked: O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the law in the case where a person is alone (can he undress and become fully naked)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Allah Ta’ala is more worthy than the people that you show shame and modesty before Him.”

[1] قال القاري: وعند ابن حبان من حديث أنس قال كان رسول الله إذا استجد ثوبا لبس يوم الجمعة وكذا رواه الخطيب والبغوي في شرح السنة فالمعنى إذا أراد أن يلبس ثوبا جديدا بدأ لبسه يوم الجمعة (مرقاة 8/150)


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