The importance of Ikhlaas (Sincerity)

Question

What is the reward of sincerity of intention (ikhlaasun niyyah)?

Answer

1) Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

‘Verily, Allah does not look at your appearance or wealth, but rather He looks at your hearts and actions.’

(Sahih Muslim, Hadith:  2564)

2) Sayyiduna Abu Umamah Al-Bahili (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrated that a man came to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and asked:

What is the reward for a person who fought in the path of Allah, seeking reward and fame? Nabi (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “There is no reward for him.” The man repeated the question three times to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied: “There is no reward for him.”, and then said: “Allah Ta’ala accepts those deeds which were performed purely for His Sake and which were meant to seek His Pleasure.

(Sunan Nasai -Al Mujtaba-, Hadith: 3140)

Hafiz ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has graded the hadith as good (jayyid). (Fathul Bari, under Hadith: 2810)

A similar narration has also been recorded in Sunan Abi Dawud, (Hadith: 2516) on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu).

3) Sayyiduna Abud Darda (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said:

‘The world and all it contains is cursed, except for those action that are done sincerely for the pleasure of Allah.’

(Tabarani, See Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 10 pg. 222)

‘Hafiz Mundhiri (rahimahullah) states that the above Hadith has been recorded with a sound chain (بأسناد لا بأس به)

(Targhib, vol. 1 pg. 55)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar

The importance of ikhlas (sincerity)

 

١. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏

“‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ وَأَعْمَالِكُمْ ‏”‏

رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
٢. عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ الْبَاهِلِيِّ، قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ رَجُلاً غَزَا يَلْتَمِسُ الأَجْرَ وَالذِّكْرَ مَا لَهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ لاَ شَىْءَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَأَعَادَهَا ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ يَقُولُ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ لاَ شَىْءَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏

“‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَقْبَلُ مِنَ الْعَمَلِ إِلاَّ مَا كَانَ لَهُ خَالِصًا وَابْتُغِيَ بِهِ وَجْهُهُ ‏”‏

سنن النسائي
٣. عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ , قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ :

” الدُّنْيَا مَلْعُونَةٌ ، مَلْعُونٌ مَا فِيهَا إِلا مَا ابْتُغِيَ بِهِ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ “

طبراني

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The entire creation prays for those who preach good

Question

Tabligh, people talk about a narration where the fishes and birds pray for those who go out and do the work of the Prophets. Kindly quote the source, grading and from which, Muhaddith. Jazak’Allah.

Answer

Perhaps the Hadith in reference is the following:

Sayyiduna Abu Umamah (radiyallahu’anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) said:

‘Indeed Allah Ta’ala, His angels and the entire creation in the heavens and earth, including the ants in their holes and the fishes send salutations/pray for mercy for those who teach good to mankind.’

(Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 2685 )

Imam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) has declared this Hadith has soundly authentic. (hasan sahih)

(refer to Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 2880 -Risalah edition, Tuhfatul Ashraf, Hadith: 4907 & Sharhul ihya, vol.1 pg.110)

Those who are engaged in the effort of tabligh, are also included in the above.

All they preach, day and night is to follow the commands of Allah, and the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam).

Can there be a better type of message to preach?

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best,

Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar

The entire creation prays for those who preach good


قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم:

 إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ وَأَهْلَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ حَتَّى النَّمْلَةَ فِى جُحْرِهَا وَحَتَّى الْحُوتَ لَيُصَلُّونَ عَلَى مُعَلِّمِ النَّاسِ الْخَيْرَ

سنن الترمذي

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​Son’s Career 

Question: 
Assalaamu ‘alaikum

My son will be completing his matric this year insha-Allah. He is very deeni inclined, loves the musjid, listens to deeni talks and Quraanic recitation from his phone and shows no inclination towards succeeding in his secular studies.

We come from a modern background. My husband is adamant in him going to university and getting a degree. I am afraid of my son not living to my husband’s expectations because at this stage, when he is so close to the final exams, he is showing no inclination to take his secular studies seriously.

I find it very difficult to talk to my husband as he feels that I am not supporting him in his efforts for my son to succeed. 

Please advise.

Jazakallah 

Answer: 

Bismihi Ta‘ala

Wa ‘alaikumus salaam wa rahmatullahi wa barkaatuh

Respected Sister in Islam

In this time and age, when most young boys are generally inclined to the glitter and glamour of the world and are falling headlong into every vice, one must be extremely grateful to have a son who is deeni inclined and wishes to pursue the path of deen. He should be fully encouraged. Such a child will insha-Allah become a true asset to the parents. He will be a source of peace and assistance in this world and will be a true asset for the parents when they have left this world. Insha-Allah he will become a means of sadaqah jaariyah – and this is what we will need more than anything.

On the other hand, many who went on to university, etc. unfortunately lost their hayaa, their deeni values in general and some even lost their imaan – Allah Ta‘ala forbid.

The father should spend a day at campus and observe what goes on. Many youngsters at university were caught up in the worst haraam – not because they wanted to – but because they were relentlessly pursued by the immoral girls on campus, and they eventually fell into the mess. This is not based on hearsay. Youngsters who have fallen in the mess have confessed to various ‘Ulama and sought advice on their tragic situation.

In any case, we suggest that you appear to support your husband BUT, as advice to him, suggest to him that he consult a senior, experienced ‘Aalim.

May Allah Ta‘ala increase your son in all his good qualities and bless your husband with the correct understanding.

Answered by:

Uswatul Muslimah Panel of ‘Ulama

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​Winning the Heart of an Enemy 

One person became extremely jealous against Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih). Eventually he began to openly display his enmity for Hazrat Mufti Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) and left no stone in displaying his resentment for the latter. He then even went to the extent of poisoning the minds of some gangster type people by feeding them false information and convinced them to help him assassinate Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih). He also announced the night on which this heinous deed will be carried out.

Normally Hazrat’s (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) door would be closed at night, but on this particular night Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) left it open. An attendant wished to close the door but Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) said, “Tonight is the night to leave it open.” What great tawakkul and reliance he had on Allah Ta‘ala that there was not even a shadow of fear. Some students who were aware of the situation volunteered to stand guard, but Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) did not allow them to do so. The students were furious with the person who had made the threat, but Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) strongly stopped them from taking revenge or saying anything harsh to him. Through Allah Ta‘ala’s grace and help, the person who made the threats did not get the courage to even make his way to Hazrat’s (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) room to carry out his evil intention.

On another occasion the same person had put up posters in many places with baseless objections and false accusations against Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih). Hazrat’s (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) attendants intended to reply but he stopped them. Despite this, Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) would personally go to his home, meet him and enquire about his well-being. He would also include him in mashuras (consultations). Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) would take him to the elders of Deoband, Saharanpur and Raipur and pay for his traveling expenses and assisted him in every way he could. When he was in financial difficulty, Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) arranged for him to open a business. To arrange this, Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) bore a great financial burden upon himself. In short, Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) treated him like a close friend. This sublime and beautiful character melted away his enmity and later created in its place such deep love and affection that he would even be ready to sacrifice his life for Hazrat (rahmatullahi ‘alaih). This incident is an example of the countless stories in Hazrat’s (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) life, wherein he had portrayed such noble attributes. (Hudood-e-Ikhtilaaf, pg. 277) 

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​Sunnats and Aadaab of Sitting in a Deeni Discourse – Part 5

1. If the first row is full then only should one move to the second row. The reason being that, unnecessarily one should not allow the back of another person to face towards him.

2.  Without a valid reason, one should not lean against the wall while the lecture is being delivered. This is not in keeping to respect.

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​Protecting the Tongue

Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi (rahmatullahi ‘alaihi) said:

The tongue is a great bounty of Allah Ta‘ala. Many good deeds (tilaawat of the Quraan, zikr, tasbeeh and istighfaar etc.) are performed by the tongue and one should occupy the tongue in these good deeds. Using the tongue for filthy purposes like lies, backbiting, carrying tales, slander and swearing etc. is like placing an impure substance on clean clothing. (Malfoozaat of Faqeehul Ummat, vol. 1, pg. 417)  

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3 GOLDEN ADVICES

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو رضى الله عنه  قَالَ 

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم

*”‏اسْتَقِيمُوا وَلَنْ تُحْصُوا وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ مِنْ أَفْضَلِ أَعْمَالِكُمُ الصَّلاَةَ وَلاَ يُحَافِظُ عَلَى الْوُضُوءِ إِلاَّ مُؤْمِنٌ ‏”‏*

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibnul ‘As said:

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

*“Remain steadfast [on whatever good is possible] for you will be unable to thoroughly carry out every single good deed [or, Remain steadfast for you are unable to count the reward of steadfastness]. Know that among the best of your deeds is Salah and that none maintains his wudu except a believer”*

(Sunan Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad)

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​Be Thankful, Not Tearful 

Two people were presented with a 250ml glass containing 125ml of water. When asked to describe the glass, the first person said, “It’s half full.” The second person, on the other hand, described it saying, “It’s half empty.”
While both descriptions may technically be correct, the different descriptions serve to highlight the stark contrast between the mindset of the two people. The first person has a positive mindset, while the second has a negative mindset. A person’s mindset is such an important element that if the correct mindset is created, literally half the battle against depression will be won.

In future, if we are ever beset by negative thoughts, turn our minds and hearts to the infinite favours of Allah Ta‘ala.

Let us not feel depressed if the elaborate outfit we wished to buy was sold to somebody else. Instead, let us think of those people who cannot even afford basic clothing.

If we are not embarking on a fancy, foreign holiday, let us think, for a moment, of our brothers and sisters who cannot afford to take a break from work.

If our meal does not turn out to be as tasty as we had hoped, let us think of those people who live on the streets and eat the scraps they find in bins.

If our vehicle is not the latest model or the exact color that we wanted, let us think of the people who do not even own a vehicle. They often stand in the rain, waiting for public transportation which takes double the time to carry them home.

If we are beset by crime and threatened with violence, think of our brothers and sisters in war-torn countries who go to sleep at night fearing that a bomb may fall upon them.

It is this mindset that creates gratitude and contentment within a person. On the flip side of the coin, without this mindset, a person can be handed the world on a shiny gold platter and he will still remain discontent.

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​Beauty parlours 

Q: Is it permissible for a Muslim woman to leave her home in order to go to a beauty parlour or salon to style her hair or wax the hair on her body? What is the Shar’ee ruling in regard to this issue?
A: In Deen, the most important obligation after Imaan is salaah. In regard to this obligation, the Hadith emphatically encourages women to perform their salaah within the confines of their homes. In fact, the Hadith explains that the salaah which they perform in the innermost portion of their homes- most distant from the gazes of strange men- is more rewarding than the salaah which they perform in any other part of their home. This clearly highlights the extent to which Islam advocates concealment in the life of a woman.

When women have been discouraged from leaving their homes to perform salaah in the Musjid (despite salaah being the greatest ibaadat and the Musjid being the holiest of places in the world), one can well imagine how reprehensible it is for a woman to leave her home to visit a beauty parlour or salon in order to beautify herself. It should be borne in mind that if there is a valid need for a woman to leave the home (e.g. to visit her parents or relatives, or to visit the sick, or to console the bereaved, etc.) then Shariah has granted her permission to do so in order to fulfil the need, provided that she adheres to certain conditions.  When leaving the home, she should ensure that she dresses in an unattractive manner and that she dons the niqaab. Similarly, she should refrain from applying any perfume when leaving the home and she should be accompanied by her mahram wherever she goes.

It is reported in the Hadith that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:

المرأة عورة فإذا خرجت استشرفها الشيطان

“A woman should remain concealed (from the eyes of strange men). When she leaves her home, shaytaan stares at her” (Tirmizi #1173).

In another Hadith, it is reported that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “May the curse of Allah Ta’ala be upon the man who casts lustful glances at the beauty of a woman, as well as the woman who is viewed (the woman who reveals her beauty, allowing strange men to view her)” (Shu’abul Imaan #7399). From these two Ahaadith, we understand the need for women to remain within their homes. When they leave the home, shaytaan makes a concerted effort to mislead them and mislead others through them.

In regard to women applying perfume when leaving the home, it is reported that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The woman who applies perfume when leaving the home and passes by a group of strange men, allowing them to get the fragrance of her body, is like an adulteress” (Tirmizi #2786). Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) had once seen a woman who had left her home with perfume applied to her body. He immediately reprimanded her and commanded her to return to her home and wash off the perfume (Abu Dawood #4176).

It should be known that the concept of a beauty parlour is alien to Islam. Beauty parlours neither existed during the blessed era of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) nor during the centuries that followed. This concept has been adopted from western culture. Unfortunately, in current times, let alone this becoming a “profession”, it has now become a thriving industry, bringing in its wake a host of wrongs and evils. This in turn has led to the degeneration of hayaa and modesty in the ummah. Nowadays, women beautify and adorn themselves when leaving the home, only to be viewed by others, whereas Islam has commanded that their beauty only be displayed before their spouses within the confines of the home.

Apart from this, the abundant wrongs that are associated with such an occupation go against the very fabric of shame and modesty. The satar (area between the navel and the knees) is exposed with the intention of hair removal, whereas exposing this part of the body before even Muslim women is haraam. In the case where the beautician is a non-Muslim woman, then let alone exposing the satar area before her, it is not permissible for a Muslim woman to reveal her hair or any part of her body before her (with the exception of her face, hands and feet). When the Hadith has cursed women who shape their eyebrows, one can well imagine the extent to which one will incur Allah Ta’ala’s curse through exposing one’s body for such purposes. Even if one has to argue that one is only visiting the beautician for something that is of a permissible nature, the fact of the matter is that one is present in a place which abounds with immoral and immodest activities, such as the satar being exposed for the purpose of hair removal, the eyebrows being shaped, the hair of women being cut or trimmed and also being exposed before non-Muslim women, etc. It is the command of Allah Ta’ala that we stay far from all places where sins are perpetrated. With regard to being present is such places where the commands of Allah Ta’ala are violated, Allah Ta’ala declares in the Qur’an:

فَلا تَقعُد بَعدَ الذِّكرى مَعَ القَومِ الظّـلِمينَ ﴿٦٨﴾

Do not sit, after realizing (that one is in an environment of haraam), with those who do wrong. (Surah An’aam, 68)

Furthermore, when this is an environment which draws the wrath of Allah Ta’ala, then it is most likely that the wrath of Allah Ta’ala will fall upon all those who are present in that environment, regardless of whether they are involved in the sins and wrongs or not. Similarly, we should deeply reflect and ponder over the point that if death had to strike at that moment, would we be happy to meet Allah Ta’ala in such a condition?

While the various evils and harms in general have been discussed above, the issue is extremely compounded in the case where the beautician is a male. It is an act of utter shamelessness. He is going to be free to style her hair and touch various parts of her body. His job is to adorn and beautify so that the woman looks more attractive than what she is and so that she will be admired. In the process, he too will keep looking and admiring the woman he is beautifying – In other words, he will be busy intently admiring someone’s wife or daughter at very close range – from such closeness that perhaps besides the husband, nobody else will get so close!! He perhaps will also keep touching here and patting there to get the perfect look – Lahawla wala quwwata illa billah.  This is the glaring indication of the death of shame. It is also a sure recipe to invite the wrath and curse of Allah Ta’ala – curse upon curse at every “admiring” look, both upon the admiring male beautician as well as the woman who has exposed herself to be admired.

We should understand that women, throughout the past, were always adorning themselves for their spouses. However, they fulfilled their halaal needs while remaining within the confines of their homes. May Allah Ta’ala bless us with the tawfeeq of emulating the Mubaarak Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in all facets of our lives.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن أبي أحوص عن عبد الله عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال المرأة عورة فإذا خرجت استشرفها الشيطان (ترمذي رقم 1173)
عن الحسن قال وبلغني أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لعن الله الناظر والمنظور إليه (شعب الإيمان رقم 7399)
عن أبي موسى عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال كل عين زانية والمرأة إذا استعطرت فمرت بالمجلس فهي كذا وكذا يعني زانية (ترمذي رقم 2786)
عن أبى هريرة قال لقيته امرأة وجد منها ريح الطيب ينفح ولذيلها إعصار فقال يا أمة الجبار جئت من المسجد قالت نعم. قال وله تطيبت قالت نعم. قال إنى سمعت حبى أبا القاسم -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول لا تقبل صلاة لامرأة تطيبت لهذا المسجد حتى ترجع فتغتسل غسلها من الجنابة قال أبو داود الإعصار غبار (أبو داود رقم 4176)
(و) ينظر (من الأجنبية) ولو كافرة مجتبى (إلى وجهها وكفيها فقط) للضرورة قيل والقدم والذراع إذا أجرت نفسها للخبز تتارخانية (وعبدها كالأجنبي معها) فينظر لوجهها وكفيها فقط. نعم يدخل عليها بلا إذنها إجماعا، ولا يسافر بها إجماعا خلاصة وعند الشافعي ومالك ينظر كمحرمه (فإن خاف الشهوة) أو شك (امتنع نظره إلى وجهها) فحل النظر مقيد بعدم الشهوة وإلا فحرام وهذا في زمانهم، وأما في زماننا فمنع من الشابة قهستاني وغيره (إلا) النظر لا المس (لحاجة) كقاض وشاهد يحكم (ويشهد عليها) لف ونشر مرتب لا لتتحمل الشهادة في الأصح (وكذا مريد نكاحها) ولو عن شهوة بنية السنة لا قضاء الشهوة (وشرائها ومداواتها ينظر) الطبيب (إلى موضع مرضها بقدر الضرورة) إذ الضرورات تتقدر بقدرها وكذا نظر قابلة وختان وينبغي أن يعلم امرأة تداويها لأن نظر الجنس إلى الجنس أخف (وتنظر المرأة المسلمة من المرأة كالرجل من الرجل) وقيل كالرجل لمحرمه والأول أصح سراج (وكذا) تنظر المرأة (من الرجل) كنظر الرجل للرجل (إن أمنت شهوتها) فلو لم تأمن أو خافت أو شكت حرم استحسانا كالرجل هو الصحيح في الفصلين تتارخانية معزيا للمضمرات (والذمية كالرجل الأجنبي في الأصح فلا تنظر إلى بدن المسلمة) مجتبى (الدر المختار 6/369)
Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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​Salaam – Rulings and Etiquettes 

The following are some important rulings and etiquettes pertaining to salaam:
1. It is waajib (obligatory) to reply to the salaam which is written in a letter, email, text message, etc. The reply may be given verbally or in writing.

2. A person who is involved in a conversation or is engaged in some work should not be greeted.

3. It is makrooh to make salaam to a person who is engaged in a deeni activity e.g. reciting the Quraan Majeed, making zikr or du‘aa.

4. It is makrooh to make salaam to a person who is engaged in a natural activity e.g. eating.

5. If one agrees to convey salaams to a certain person, it will be necessary to fulfill the responsibility and convey the greeting. Hence, if one is asked to convey salaams but does not wish that the responsibility become necessary, he should merely say, “I will try” or “insha-Allah”.

6. When writing the salaam, one should refrain from using abbreviations such as ‘slmz’. Rather, the salaam should be written out in full. 

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