Sunnats and Aadaab of Clothing – Part 15

1. When one intends wearing any new clothing, then it is preferable that he wears it for the first time on a Friday.

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال كان رسول الله إذا استجد ثوبا لبسه يوم الجمعة (شرح السنة للبغوي، باب ما يقول إذا لبس جديدا) [1]

Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) intended to wear any new clothing, he would commence wearing it on the day of Jumuah. 

2. When undressing, one should avoid becoming completely naked even if one is alone. Rather, one should keep on the upper garment and remove the lower garment. Thereafter one should wear the new lower garment and thereafter remove the upper garment.

عن بهز بن حكيم عن أبيه عن جده قال قلت يا رسول الله عوراتنا ما نأتى منها وما نذر قال: احفظ عورتك إلا من زوجتك أو ما ملكت يمينك. قال قلت يا رسول الله إذا كان القوم بعضهم فى بعض قال: إن استطعت أن لا يرينها أحد فلا يرينها. قال قلت يا رسول الله إذا كان أحدنا خاليا قال: الله أحق أن يستحيا منه من الناس.(ابو داود رقم 4019)

O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): “With regards to our private parts, what are the laws regarding our exposing or concealing them?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Safeguard your private parts and do not expose them except before your wife or your slave women.” I then asked: O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the law in the case where many people are living together?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Ensure that you do not expose your private parts before anyone.” I then asked: O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the law in the case where a person is alone (can he undress and become fully naked)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Allah Ta’ala is more worthy than the people that you show shame and modesty before Him.”

 


[1] قال القاري: وعند ابن حبان من حديث أنس قال كان رسول الله إذا استجد ثوبا لبس يوم الجمعة وكذا رواه الخطيب والبغوي في شرح السنة فالمعنى إذا أراد أن يلبس ثوبا جديدا بدأ لبسه يوم الجمعة (مرقاة 8/150)

 

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Loyalty to Him Comes First

Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Hamzah bin Muhammad Al-Fanaari (rahimahullah) was a great Mufti and Qaadhi during the reign of the Abbasid ruler, Baayazeed Khan. He was born in 751 A.H. and was the grand teacher of the great scholar, ‘Allaamah Jalaaluddeen Suyooti (rahimahullah).

On one occasion, the ruler, Baayazeed Khan, entered the court of Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) in order to testify in a certain case. When he tried to testify, Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) rejected his testimony!

Baayazeed Khan later asked the Qaadhi, “Why did you reject my testimony?” In reply, Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) said, “You are not a credible witness because you do not perform salaah with jamaat in the musjid.” On hearing this, Baayazeed Khan acknowledged his error and in order to rectify it, he constructed a musjid opposite his palace. He would thereafter perform every salaah with jamaat in that musjid. (Ash-Shaqaa-iqun-Nu’maaniyyah, pg. 19)

Lessons:

1. When a person is sincere in his imaan, he will not look at who is correcting him. Rather, he will look at whether the correction is valid and applicable to him or not. If it is valid and applies to him, he will accept the correction with humility and consider it the means of his progress, not a means of his humiliation and disgrace.

2. When a person is loyal to Allah Ta‘ala, he will not be prepared to compromise his deeni standards for anyone. Hence Qaadhi Shamsuddeen (rahimahullah) rejected the testimony of the ruler of the time and did not make a special concession for him. Similarly, in our own lives, we may be faced with a situation where we have to choose between making Allah Ta‘ala happy or making someone else happy. We have to remember that our ties and loyalty to Allah Ta‘ala come first and can under no circumstances be sacrificed. 

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​From Riches to Rags 

Saintly Women around Siddeeq [Part 4] – Wife of Qari Siddeeq #1
The wife of Qari Siddeeq (rahimahullah) was an amazing woman. She was born in May 1931 and passed away in August 1993. Being a woman who lived not so long ago, we would perhaps find it easier to relate to her.  

Qari Siddeeq (rahimahullah) would often mention the following in praise of his wife:

“My wife was from a rich family and my father-in-law held a very high position. They lived a life of great comfort and luxury (and had servants to do all the work at their home). She had even been proposed to a colonel initially. Allah Ta‘ala, however, decreed that she marry me. She spent her life with me in poverty. Despite the hardship, she was very tolerant and made excessive sabr. At times, she would sew clothing and sell it to cover the home expenses. She was not extravagant in her food. She would sometimes eat chutni and roti, sometimes just dry bread, and would sometimes prepare some gravy as well. When there were guests, she would prepare the best that she could, which was a potato curry, as it was difficult to acquire anything else in the place we lived in. Most women have a habit of looking at other women’s clothing, jewellery, etc., and thereafter demanding the same for themselves. However, my wife was such that she never even noticed what the other women were wearing and eating, and she never made any kind of request or demand. She ate and wore whatever was available. Patience and contentment were among her outstanding qualities. In times of hardship and poverty, neither did she ever complain, nor did she express intolerance through her speech or actions. She would even plaster the mud walls of the home with her bare hands.”

He also once mentioned, “My wife was one in thousands. It is extremely difficult to find someone like her.”

(Reference: Hayaate Siddeeq pg. 233 and Tazkiratus Siddeeq, vol. 1, pg. 603 & 615)

Lessons:

1. In order to cultivate contentment, we have to reflect over the innumerable bounties with which we have been blessed and also refrain from looking at the bounties of others. There will always be people in the world who have more or have better than us. If we keep looking at them, we will never learn to appreciate what we have and be content.

2. Those who are patient and persevere for the pleasure of Allah Ta‘ala, they become a means of great inspiration for others. Nobody is inspired by the comforts and luxuries that anyone enjoyed, though it was within permissible limits.

3. While one should always ask for ‘aafiyat, the wat to avoid any challenges overwhelming one is to keep reminding oneself that this world is a temporary abode and that these tests will soon pass. The most important aspect is to pass the tests that come – and that is through patience and sincerely turning to Allah Ta‘ala.

 (to be continued insha-Allah

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A Pillar of Patience

‘Urwah bin Zubair (rahimahullah) was the brother of ‘Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) and among the leading Taabi‘een and ‘Ulama of Madeenah Munawwarah. He would recite one quarter of the Quraan Majeed every day while looking into the mushaf. He would then repeat that same quarter by reciting it in tahajjud salaah during the night.

‘Urwah bin Zubair (rahimahullah) was once on a journey to meet Waleed bin ‘Abdil Malik when a sore developed on his leg. After some time, the sore spread, leading to his leg becoming infected. When ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) eventually reached Waleed, he asked him to have his infected leg amputated. Waleed thus summoned the doctor who instructed ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) to take a sedative so that he would be able to amputate the leg while ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) was asleep. ‘Urwah (rahimahullah), however, refused to take the sedative saying, “Go ahead and amputate. I cannot imagine how a person can ever consume something which will cause him to be negligent and unaware of Allah Ta‘ala.” The doctor therefore placed the blade on his left knee and began to amputate. Such was the patience and tolerance of ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) that those who were around him at the time later mentioned that he did not utter even one remark of complaint! Rather, the most they heard from him was an occasional hiss of pain. During the course of the same journey, the son of ‘Urwah (rahimahullah), Muhammad, fell from the roof of a home and was trampled to death by animals.

After undergoing all this difficulty, ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) addressed Allah Ta‘ala and thanked Him saying, “O Allah! I had seven sons. You took only one and left me with six! O Allah! I had four limbs. You took only one and left me with three! I take an oath in Your name! If You take something away from a person, You also leave with him (that which will suffice him), and if You test a person, You also grant him comfort.”  

Furthermore, some narrations have mentioned that ‘Urwah (rahimahullah), despite undergoing the amputation, did not leave out his recitation of one quarter of the Quraan Majeed in tahajjud salaah that night! However, other narrations have mentioned that on account of the pain, this was the first night in which he ever left out his recitation of the Quraan Majeed. Nevertheless, he ensured that he compensated for missing it by reciting that portion the following night.

(Reference: Tahzeebul Kamaal vol. 20 pg. 19-21 and Taareekhul Islam pg. 427)

Lessons:

1. Every test, in reality, is a means of progressing closer to Allah Ta‘ala. However, in order to progress and gain the special proximity of Allah Ta‘ala, we have to first pass the test. To pass the test, we have to ensure that we have no complaint – neither in our hearts nor on our tongues – against the decision of Allah Ta‘ala, and that we are completely happy with His divine decree. This can be easily achieved by constantly reflecting over the countless favours with which Allah Ta‘ala has blessed us. If Allah Ta‘ala tests us by taking one favour away, He has still left us with innumerable other favours which we continue to enjoy.

2. A sign of a person’s commitment to Allah Ta‘ala and deen is that he is punctual and consistent in fulfilling his ma’moolaat (daily ‘ibaadah practices). Missing the ma’moolaat on any particular day should make him feel as restless as if he had missed a meal. If the ma’moolaat are missed for some reason, one should ensure that he makes up for it the following day. 

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PRESCRIPTIONS FROM THE QURAAN

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Shaykh Sha’arawiy says:

*عجبتُ لأربع يغفلون عن أربع:*

I’m baffled by four persons faced by four situations, but forget four solutions:

*1 – عجبتُ لمن ابتُـلى ( بغم ) ، كيف يغفل عن قول : ۞ لا إلهَ إلاّ أنتَ سُبحانكَ إني كنتُ من الظالمين ۞*

1. Someone in Grief, how does he forget: (Laa ilaaha illaa anta, sub-haanaka, innii kuntu minadzaalimeen).

Don’t you see what Allah says afterwards?

*والله يقول بعدها ؛  ۞ فاستجبنا لهُ ونجيناهُ من الغم ۞*

“So, we responded to him and saved him from GRIEF…”

*2 – عجبتُ لمن ابتُـلى ( بضرّ ) ، كيف يغفل عن قول : ۞ ربي إني مسّنيَ الضرُ وأنتَ أرحمُ الراحمين ۞*

2. Someone in SICKNESS, how does he forget to say (Rabbii innii massaniya-dhurr wa anta Arhamur-Raahimeen)

Don’t you see what Allah says afterwards?

*والله يقول بعدها ؛ ۞ فا ستجبنا له وكشفنا ما به من ضر ۞*

“So, we responded to him and cured him from all his SICKNESS…”

*3 -عجبتُ لمن ابتُـلى ( بخوفٍ ) ، كيف يغفل عن قول : ۞ حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل ۞*

3. Someone in FEAR, how does he forget to say (Hasbunallaahu wa niimal-wakeel)

Don’t you see what Allah says afterwards?

*والله يقول بعدها ؛  ۞ فانقلبوا بنعمةٍ من اللهِ وفضلٍ لم يمسسهم سوء ۞*

“Therefore, they returned with a great bounty from Allah and a great favour; … no evil had befallen them.”

4- عجبتُ لمن ابتُـلى

بمكرِ الناس ) ، كيف يغفل عن قول : ۞”وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمْرِي إِلَى اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَصِيرٌ بِالْعِبَادِ” ۞

4. Someone facing PEOPLE’S EVIL; how does he forget to say (wa ufawwidu amrii illa-llaah, innallaaha baseerun bil-ibaad)

Don’t you see what Allah says afterwards?

*والله يقول بعدها ؛  ۞ فوقاهُ اللهُ سيئاتِ ما مكروا ۞*

“Thus, Allah protected him from the EVIL they had planned…”

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​Do I have a Muslim Mind? 

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Having a Muslim name is easy, and looking like a Muslim is simple. However the challenge of the time is to have a Muslim mind and heart – a mind and heart that accepts the truth and rejects falsehood.
We should never lose our Muslim mind and heart, and adopt the mind and heart of some atheist, secularist or modernist. The sign of losing the Muslim heart is that when falsehood comes to one via the newspaper, internet or some deviated person, then it is wholeheartedly accepted and digested. However, when the truth comes to one via a sanad – an unbroken chain of transmission, starting from Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), through the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), the Imaams of Fiqh, the Muhadditheen, the various scholars over the centuries, until finally through our ‘Ulama, then we object to it, doubt and question it and even reject it, Allah Ta‘ala forbid.

May Allah Ta‘ala keep us with a Muslim mind and heart and allow us to die with a Muslim mind and heart.

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​The Blockage of Sins

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By Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hamid Is`haq Saheb (Daamat Barakaatuhum)
Sometimes a car engine does not seem to get enough fuel or any fuel. The problem can be due to different reasons: a blocked fuel line or fuel filter or some fault with the fuel pump or carburettor.

We know that the fuel lines control and regulate the flow of fuel. If it is clogged or blocked, there is difficulty to start the car since fuel does not make its way to the engine. The engine generally does not restart until the blockage is removed. A blocked fuel line also results in smoke since the fuel overflows. If there is some leak and contact with an ignition source, such as the engine, then this results in smoke and can be dangerous, even causing a fire.

In the light of this example, we can draw parallels to the consequences of our indulgence in sins.

Sometimes a sin, for which there was no repentance, creates a blockage at the time of death. Due to commission of sins, persistence in sins, and not making sincere Taubah, the spiritual heart becomes clogged and blocked. This creates great difficulty at the time of death. There is no free flow for the Kalima Tayyibah to be recited and for the soul to leave the body with ease.

Sometimes the blockage of sins become so dangerous for one’s Imaan that it prevents the person from reading the Kalima and this results in having to come into contact with the smoke and fire of Jahannum – in the Qabr and in the Aakhirah. Allah Ta’ala save us all.

It is therefore necessary to engage in Taubah and Istighfaar daily. Through the blessings of Taubah and Istighfaar, these sins which would otherwise create blockages for an easy death, are removed.

Hazrat Maulana Shah Wasiullaah (RA) had said so beautifully in poetry:

‘Is tarah se tai ki manzile, chale, gire, uthe, chale’

“We journeyed to Allah Jalla Jalalaaluhu in this way: We crawled, fell, got up, walked!”

Let us not stay stuck in the filth, dirt and grime of sins. Repair the “car” (heart and soul) with Taubah, and continue on your journey, in piety, to Him.

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​Purdah Conscious

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Saintly Women around Siddeeq [Part 2] – Grandmother of Qari Siddeeq

The respected grandmother of Qari Siddeeq Ahmad Baandwi (rahimahullah) was a woman of extreme virtue and piety. She understood the value of time and hence as soon as she would complete her household duties, she would immediately engage in zikr and ‘ibaadat.

One of the many outstanding qualities that she possessed was her concern for purdah. She was so particular in this regard, that when she would go to visit her sister’s home every week, she would insist on going at night (so that the darkness would aid in concealing her). Furthermore, she would send little boys out to survey the streets. It was only when she would receive their assurance that there were no men on her route that she would don the complete niqaab and swiftly depart for her sister’s home.

A further point which highlights her concern for purdah was that she would repeatedly instruct the washerwomen to ensure that they did not wash her clothing in any place where men would be able to see it. After the clothes would be washed, she would not allow the washerwomen to hang them to dry in public. Rather, she would make them bring her wet clothing back to her home where she would herself hang it to dry, ensuring that it would not be seen by any men.

On one occasion she was due to take possession of a certain property from which she would receive some rental. However, government regulations demanded that she present herself in court in order for the property to be transferred onto her name. When she was informed of this, she refused to go to the court and declared, “Whether I receive the property or not, I am not prepared to go the court before men.” In that era, the officials were considerate and would make special concessions for people of deen and piety. Hence an official from the court who was sent to the family said, “There is no need to appear in the court. All we require is that she gives us her fingerprint on this document.” However, she was not prepared for even this to take place and said, “I do not want to have anything to do with a piece of land that is the cause of strange men looking at my fingerprint.”Eventually, on account of her refusal to sacrifice her standards of purdah, she was unable to receive the land. (Hayaate Siddeeq pg. 74 and Tazkiratus Siddeeq, vol. 1, pg. 136)

Lessons:

1. True purdah and hijaab is where a woman tries to remain concealed from strange men in every regard. She does not suffice on remaining out of sight. Rather, she tries to even remain out of mind. In this regard, she will not speak loudly if there are men in the vicinity who may hear her voice, she will not hang her clothing – especially attractive clothing and undergarments – in a public area and if she is forced to be in public, after dressing in the appropriate, concealing manner, she will try her best to remain inconspicuous and will not draw attention to herself.

2. When a woman has the true spirit of purdah, she will be prepared to pay any price to guard her shame, modesty and chastity, as she will realize that these are her true treasures.

(to be continued insha-Allah)

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​When Seeing a Good Dream 

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If one experiences a good dream, then he should recite Alhamdulillah. If one wishes, one may relate his dream to someone who he is fond of (someone who is his well-wisher).

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه أنه سمع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إذا رأى أحدكم رؤيا يحبها فإنما هي من الله فليحمد الله عليها وليحدث بها وإذا رأى غير ذلك مما يكره فإنما هي من الشيطان فليستعذ من شرها ولا يذكرها لأحد فإنها لا تضره (بخارى رقم 6985 )
Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “If anyone of you sees a good dream that pleases him, then one should regard such a dream to be from the side of Allah Ta’ala, therefore he should praise Allah Ta’ala and he may mention it (to someone who is his well-wisher). However, if he sees a bad dream, then one should regard such a dream to be from the side of Shaytaan, and he should seek the protection of Allah Ta’ala from its evil and he should not mention such a dream to anyone, the evil of such a dream will not cause him any harm.
عن أبي قتادة رضي الله عنه قال سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: الرؤيا الحسنة من الله فإذا رأى أحدكم ما يحب فلا يحدث به إلا من يحب (بخاري رقم 7044)
Hadhrat Abu Qataadah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say: “Good dreams are from Allah Ta’ala. If anyone of you sees a good dream that pleases him, then he should only mention it to someone who he is fond of.”

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​Overlooking the Shortcomings of the Wife

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Hazratjee Moulana Maseehullah Khan Saaheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) said

“Most women are very good by nature. But, after all, a woman is a woman. They must say something. On such occasions I forgive her immediately. I do not ever say anything negative to her, even if the food is late or if it is not cooked on time. If she added too much chillies in the food, then too I do not say anything. This is how I look after my wife. I cannot ever remember telling her that she must cook something special for me. If, perchance, she said something incorrect or inappropriate, I do not worry about it in the least. I let her say whatever she wants. These four walls are her territory and she may say whatever she wants here.

What sacrifices she has made. She left the lap of her mother, the shoulders of her father. She left the home in which she grew up and came to live in a strange place. This is indeed a great favour from her as well as her parents. When she left her parent’s home to come to live with you, she cried and left. O Man! Think for a while. Had Allah Ta‘ala made you a woman, then only would you have understood. Why then do you not have mercy on this poor woman? If, in the confines of these four walls, she does not express her rule over you then over who will she express herself? Please, whatever she says to you, listen to her.” (Hazrat Moulana Maseehullah Khan Saaheb [rahmatullahi ‘alaih] – A Brief Biography, pg. 210)

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