​Sunnats and Aadaab of Sitting in a Deeni Discourse – Part 5

1. If the first row is full then only should one move to the second row. The reason being that, unnecessarily one should not allow the back of another person to face towards him.

2.  Without a valid reason, one should not lean against the wall while the lecture is being delivered. This is not in keeping to respect.

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​Protecting the Tongue

Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi (rahmatullahi ‘alaihi) said:

The tongue is a great bounty of Allah Ta‘ala. Many good deeds (tilaawat of the Quraan, zikr, tasbeeh and istighfaar etc.) are performed by the tongue and one should occupy the tongue in these good deeds. Using the tongue for filthy purposes like lies, backbiting, carrying tales, slander and swearing etc. is like placing an impure substance on clean clothing. (Malfoozaat of Faqeehul Ummat, vol. 1, pg. 417)  

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3 GOLDEN ADVICES

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو رضى الله عنه  قَالَ 

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم

*”‏اسْتَقِيمُوا وَلَنْ تُحْصُوا وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ مِنْ أَفْضَلِ أَعْمَالِكُمُ الصَّلاَةَ وَلاَ يُحَافِظُ عَلَى الْوُضُوءِ إِلاَّ مُؤْمِنٌ ‏”‏*

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibnul ‘As said:

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

*“Remain steadfast [on whatever good is possible] for you will be unable to thoroughly carry out every single good deed [or, Remain steadfast for you are unable to count the reward of steadfastness]. Know that among the best of your deeds is Salah and that none maintains his wudu except a believer”*

(Sunan Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad)

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​Be Thankful, Not Tearful 

Two people were presented with a 250ml glass containing 125ml of water. When asked to describe the glass, the first person said, “It’s half full.” The second person, on the other hand, described it saying, “It’s half empty.”
While both descriptions may technically be correct, the different descriptions serve to highlight the stark contrast between the mindset of the two people. The first person has a positive mindset, while the second has a negative mindset. A person’s mindset is such an important element that if the correct mindset is created, literally half the battle against depression will be won.

In future, if we are ever beset by negative thoughts, turn our minds and hearts to the infinite favours of Allah Ta‘ala.

Let us not feel depressed if the elaborate outfit we wished to buy was sold to somebody else. Instead, let us think of those people who cannot even afford basic clothing.

If we are not embarking on a fancy, foreign holiday, let us think, for a moment, of our brothers and sisters who cannot afford to take a break from work.

If our meal does not turn out to be as tasty as we had hoped, let us think of those people who live on the streets and eat the scraps they find in bins.

If our vehicle is not the latest model or the exact color that we wanted, let us think of the people who do not even own a vehicle. They often stand in the rain, waiting for public transportation which takes double the time to carry them home.

If we are beset by crime and threatened with violence, think of our brothers and sisters in war-torn countries who go to sleep at night fearing that a bomb may fall upon them.

It is this mindset that creates gratitude and contentment within a person. On the flip side of the coin, without this mindset, a person can be handed the world on a shiny gold platter and he will still remain discontent.

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​Beauty parlours 

Q: Is it permissible for a Muslim woman to leave her home in order to go to a beauty parlour or salon to style her hair or wax the hair on her body? What is the Shar’ee ruling in regard to this issue?
A: In Deen, the most important obligation after Imaan is salaah. In regard to this obligation, the Hadith emphatically encourages women to perform their salaah within the confines of their homes. In fact, the Hadith explains that the salaah which they perform in the innermost portion of their homes- most distant from the gazes of strange men- is more rewarding than the salaah which they perform in any other part of their home. This clearly highlights the extent to which Islam advocates concealment in the life of a woman.

When women have been discouraged from leaving their homes to perform salaah in the Musjid (despite salaah being the greatest ibaadat and the Musjid being the holiest of places in the world), one can well imagine how reprehensible it is for a woman to leave her home to visit a beauty parlour or salon in order to beautify herself. It should be borne in mind that if there is a valid need for a woman to leave the home (e.g. to visit her parents or relatives, or to visit the sick, or to console the bereaved, etc.) then Shariah has granted her permission to do so in order to fulfil the need, provided that she adheres to certain conditions.  When leaving the home, she should ensure that she dresses in an unattractive manner and that she dons the niqaab. Similarly, she should refrain from applying any perfume when leaving the home and she should be accompanied by her mahram wherever she goes.

It is reported in the Hadith that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:

المرأة عورة فإذا خرجت استشرفها الشيطان

“A woman should remain concealed (from the eyes of strange men). When she leaves her home, shaytaan stares at her” (Tirmizi #1173).

In another Hadith, it is reported that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “May the curse of Allah Ta’ala be upon the man who casts lustful glances at the beauty of a woman, as well as the woman who is viewed (the woman who reveals her beauty, allowing strange men to view her)” (Shu’abul Imaan #7399). From these two Ahaadith, we understand the need for women to remain within their homes. When they leave the home, shaytaan makes a concerted effort to mislead them and mislead others through them.

In regard to women applying perfume when leaving the home, it is reported that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The woman who applies perfume when leaving the home and passes by a group of strange men, allowing them to get the fragrance of her body, is like an adulteress” (Tirmizi #2786). Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) had once seen a woman who had left her home with perfume applied to her body. He immediately reprimanded her and commanded her to return to her home and wash off the perfume (Abu Dawood #4176).

It should be known that the concept of a beauty parlour is alien to Islam. Beauty parlours neither existed during the blessed era of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) nor during the centuries that followed. This concept has been adopted from western culture. Unfortunately, in current times, let alone this becoming a “profession”, it has now become a thriving industry, bringing in its wake a host of wrongs and evils. This in turn has led to the degeneration of hayaa and modesty in the ummah. Nowadays, women beautify and adorn themselves when leaving the home, only to be viewed by others, whereas Islam has commanded that their beauty only be displayed before their spouses within the confines of the home.

Apart from this, the abundant wrongs that are associated with such an occupation go against the very fabric of shame and modesty. The satar (area between the navel and the knees) is exposed with the intention of hair removal, whereas exposing this part of the body before even Muslim women is haraam. In the case where the beautician is a non-Muslim woman, then let alone exposing the satar area before her, it is not permissible for a Muslim woman to reveal her hair or any part of her body before her (with the exception of her face, hands and feet). When the Hadith has cursed women who shape their eyebrows, one can well imagine the extent to which one will incur Allah Ta’ala’s curse through exposing one’s body for such purposes. Even if one has to argue that one is only visiting the beautician for something that is of a permissible nature, the fact of the matter is that one is present in a place which abounds with immoral and immodest activities, such as the satar being exposed for the purpose of hair removal, the eyebrows being shaped, the hair of women being cut or trimmed and also being exposed before non-Muslim women, etc. It is the command of Allah Ta’ala that we stay far from all places where sins are perpetrated. With regard to being present is such places where the commands of Allah Ta’ala are violated, Allah Ta’ala declares in the Qur’an:

فَلا تَقعُد بَعدَ الذِّكرى مَعَ القَومِ الظّـلِمينَ ﴿٦٨﴾

Do not sit, after realizing (that one is in an environment of haraam), with those who do wrong. (Surah An’aam, 68)

Furthermore, when this is an environment which draws the wrath of Allah Ta’ala, then it is most likely that the wrath of Allah Ta’ala will fall upon all those who are present in that environment, regardless of whether they are involved in the sins and wrongs or not. Similarly, we should deeply reflect and ponder over the point that if death had to strike at that moment, would we be happy to meet Allah Ta’ala in such a condition?

While the various evils and harms in general have been discussed above, the issue is extremely compounded in the case where the beautician is a male. It is an act of utter shamelessness. He is going to be free to style her hair and touch various parts of her body. His job is to adorn and beautify so that the woman looks more attractive than what she is and so that she will be admired. In the process, he too will keep looking and admiring the woman he is beautifying – In other words, he will be busy intently admiring someone’s wife or daughter at very close range – from such closeness that perhaps besides the husband, nobody else will get so close!! He perhaps will also keep touching here and patting there to get the perfect look – Lahawla wala quwwata illa billah.  This is the glaring indication of the death of shame. It is also a sure recipe to invite the wrath and curse of Allah Ta’ala – curse upon curse at every “admiring” look, both upon the admiring male beautician as well as the woman who has exposed herself to be admired.

We should understand that women, throughout the past, were always adorning themselves for their spouses. However, they fulfilled their halaal needs while remaining within the confines of their homes. May Allah Ta’ala bless us with the tawfeeq of emulating the Mubaarak Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in all facets of our lives.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

عن أبي أحوص عن عبد الله عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال المرأة عورة فإذا خرجت استشرفها الشيطان (ترمذي رقم 1173)
عن الحسن قال وبلغني أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لعن الله الناظر والمنظور إليه (شعب الإيمان رقم 7399)
عن أبي موسى عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال كل عين زانية والمرأة إذا استعطرت فمرت بالمجلس فهي كذا وكذا يعني زانية (ترمذي رقم 2786)
عن أبى هريرة قال لقيته امرأة وجد منها ريح الطيب ينفح ولذيلها إعصار فقال يا أمة الجبار جئت من المسجد قالت نعم. قال وله تطيبت قالت نعم. قال إنى سمعت حبى أبا القاسم -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول لا تقبل صلاة لامرأة تطيبت لهذا المسجد حتى ترجع فتغتسل غسلها من الجنابة قال أبو داود الإعصار غبار (أبو داود رقم 4176)
(و) ينظر (من الأجنبية) ولو كافرة مجتبى (إلى وجهها وكفيها فقط) للضرورة قيل والقدم والذراع إذا أجرت نفسها للخبز تتارخانية (وعبدها كالأجنبي معها) فينظر لوجهها وكفيها فقط. نعم يدخل عليها بلا إذنها إجماعا، ولا يسافر بها إجماعا خلاصة وعند الشافعي ومالك ينظر كمحرمه (فإن خاف الشهوة) أو شك (امتنع نظره إلى وجهها) فحل النظر مقيد بعدم الشهوة وإلا فحرام وهذا في زمانهم، وأما في زماننا فمنع من الشابة قهستاني وغيره (إلا) النظر لا المس (لحاجة) كقاض وشاهد يحكم (ويشهد عليها) لف ونشر مرتب لا لتتحمل الشهادة في الأصح (وكذا مريد نكاحها) ولو عن شهوة بنية السنة لا قضاء الشهوة (وشرائها ومداواتها ينظر) الطبيب (إلى موضع مرضها بقدر الضرورة) إذ الضرورات تتقدر بقدرها وكذا نظر قابلة وختان وينبغي أن يعلم امرأة تداويها لأن نظر الجنس إلى الجنس أخف (وتنظر المرأة المسلمة من المرأة كالرجل من الرجل) وقيل كالرجل لمحرمه والأول أصح سراج (وكذا) تنظر المرأة (من الرجل) كنظر الرجل للرجل (إن أمنت شهوتها) فلو لم تأمن أو خافت أو شكت حرم استحسانا كالرجل هو الصحيح في الفصلين تتارخانية معزيا للمضمرات (والذمية كالرجل الأجنبي في الأصح فلا تنظر إلى بدن المسلمة) مجتبى (الدر المختار 6/369)
Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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​Salaam – Rulings and Etiquettes 

The following are some important rulings and etiquettes pertaining to salaam:
1. It is waajib (obligatory) to reply to the salaam which is written in a letter, email, text message, etc. The reply may be given verbally or in writing.

2. A person who is involved in a conversation or is engaged in some work should not be greeted.

3. It is makrooh to make salaam to a person who is engaged in a deeni activity e.g. reciting the Quraan Majeed, making zikr or du‘aa.

4. It is makrooh to make salaam to a person who is engaged in a natural activity e.g. eating.

5. If one agrees to convey salaams to a certain person, it will be necessary to fulfill the responsibility and convey the greeting. Hence, if one is asked to convey salaams but does not wish that the responsibility become necessary, he should merely say, “I will try” or “insha-Allah”.

6. When writing the salaam, one should refrain from using abbreviations such as ‘slmz’. Rather, the salaam should be written out in full. 

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​The Great Rewards of Seeking Deeni Knowledge

وعن عمر رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ما اكتسب مكتسب مثل فضل علم يهدي صاحبه إلى هدى أو يرده عن ردى وما استقام دينه حتى يستقيم عمله رواه الطبراني في الكبير واللفظ له والصغير إلا أنه قال فيه حتى يستقيم عقله وإسنادهما متقارب (الترغيب والترهيب 1/124)

Hazrat Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “A person cannot earn rewards (through any nafl ibaadat) as much as he can earn through acquiring Deeni knowledge, which will be a means of guiding him towards the path of hidaayat (guidance) or prevent him from wrong. And one’s Deen will never be straight (and perfect) until his actions are consistent (i.e. his Deen will never gain perfection until and unless he does not acquire istiqaamat in carrying out righteous actions in accordance to the sunnah in all facets of his life).”

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KEEPING DEATH IN MIND AT ALL TIMES

Muhammad ibn Al Mutawakkil (rahimahullah) says, 

“It has reached me that the words:

*كفى بالموت واعظاً يا عمر*

*‘Death is enough as an admonisher, O Umar’* 

were engraved on the ring of Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu)”

(Kitabud Dibaj)

hadithanswers.com

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​Recreation within Limits 

Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) narrates:
I once went with Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) on one of his journeys when I was still a young girl and light in weight. During the journey, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) instructed the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) saying, “Proceed ahead.” After the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) had proceeded ahead (and we were now in seclusion), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to me, “Come! Let me race with you!” We therefore raced and I beat the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in the race. On this occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) did not say anything.

Some time later, when I picked up some weight, and I had forgotten (the previous race), I went with Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) on one of his journeys. During the journey, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) instructed the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) saying, “Proceed ahead.” After they had proceeded ahead (and we were in seclusion), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to me, “Come! Let me race with you!” We therefore raced and Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) beat me. On beating me, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) began to smile and said, “This is in return for that (i.e. I beat you on this occasion, whereas you beat me on the previous occasion).” (Musnad Ahmad #26277)  

Lessons:

1. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had no need for racing and other forms of recreation. Hence, one of the reasons for which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) engaged in racing on this occasion was to show the Ummah that recreation, provided that it is in moderation and kept within the parameters of Deen, is allowed in Islam.

2. When our respected mother, ‘Aaishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha), raced with Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), it was done in complete privacy and seclusion, thereby maintaining the highest levels of hayaa and hijaab and not violating any command of Allah Ta‘ala in the process. It is thus clear that before engaging in recreation, be it in the form of exercising, cycling, swimming, etc., it is necessary for us to first ensure that no law of Allah Ta‘ala will be broken. If the activity will inevitably lead to the law of Allah Ta‘ala being broken then the activity will have to be abandoned. Similarly, when going on holiday, care and precaution has to be taken to ensure that we do not go to places which are not in keeping with the demands of hayaa.

3. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) bore a responsibility to which no other responsibility can possibly compare in importance and the dedication required – the responsibility of imparting Deen to the Ummah. Despite this grave responsibility, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) made the time for his respected family, ‘Aaishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha), and ensured that he gave her attention and quality time. Unfortunately, there are many people who become so obsessed with recreation and entertainment that over and above neglecting the rights of Allah Ta‘ala,  they neglect the rights of their wives and children and fail to give them adequate quality time.

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Incident Moulana Yusuf Ludhyanwi Saheb (RA) 

​I [Sheikhul Hadith Hadhrat Moulana Yusuf Motala Saheb (db)] have always repeated the scenario regarding Hadhrat Moulana Yusuf Ludhyanwi Saheb (ra) when he arrived in England, and when we were preparing the book ‘Hadhrat Sheikh [Zakariya] and His Disciples.’ 

I was reading those letters addressed to me [from Hadhrat Sheikh Zakariya], and when I got to the part where I had written to Hadhrat that, 

‘The perpetrators, who had burgled Zakariya Masjid in Bolton and had set fire to it, had all been caught!’  

I had written [details of the incident] to Hadhrat after a lengthy period, and Hadhrat had replied,

“You have expressed pleasure about the perpetrators’ arrests – this shouldn’t be the case, as this issue is very sensitive.” 

We have a tendency to celebrate that, ‘criminals have been caught!’ 

When I related this [Hadhrat Sheikh’s reply] I still remember the scenario of Moulana Yusuf Ludhyanwi Saheb (ra) clearly – he immediately stood up with his glasses and pen still in his hands […] started shouting whilst weeping,

“This statement could have only been uttered by a Qutub!” […]

We are also criminals and to what extent [?] Thieves in Namaz, thieves whilst in the state of Namaz, thieves in all the gatherings [Majlis], thieves whilst sitting inside the Masjid, thieves with our gazes – our habits are filled with criminal traits!      

Extract taken from ‘Jamaal-e-Muhammady, Jabal-e-Noor par.’ (Urdu) Pages 611/612. By Sheikhul Hadith Hadhrat Moulana Yusuf Motala Saheb (db)

Received from the Khanqah Maseehiyyah Group

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